WElcome to North Georgia Astronomers
in the galaxy that aid in the exploration of our existing world.
North Georgia Astronomical Observatory
Through astronomical observations, determine when the area will have a clear sky and forecast unforeseen weather.
When the sky is clear and transparent, you can see a clear view of the galaxy and get much finer and brighter images while observing.
Seeing is the deterioration of an astronomical material's image caused by stormy airflow control in Earth's atmosphere that could become noticeable.
Promote astronomy by creating a dark sky preserve, usually around a park or observatory that limits different lighting pollution with the goal of conserving the dark sky.
Investigate the powerful and strong winds found on various planets throughout the galaxy and compare them to the atmosphere on Earth.
Learn about the importance of humidity in an astronomical observatory, which negatively affects imaging and observing the galaxy.
THE MILLENNIUM PROJECT of NORTH GEORGIA ASTRONOMERS
successes we’ve had over the years!
North Georgia Astronomers Discussion Group
connecting with expert astronomers and learning more
about the universe around you.
Many people find astronomy exciting because it involves studying the galaxy and everything else in the universe. This exposes people to things they may not have seen or heard before. Regarding astronomical observatories, this is one of the most important aspects of learning about and understanding the universe.
An astronomical observatory is any formation that houses telescopes and other accompanying instruments. Typically, this equipment is used to monitor celestial objects. Observatories are labelled according to the segment of the electromagnetic spectrum they are constructed to monitor.
Analyzing the clear sky in a year
One of the most important advantages of an astronomical observatory is the ability to predict when the sky will be clear. Among all meteorological factors, cloud sum or cloud cover appears to be the most important, while Earth’s atmosphere seeing, also known as the Fried parameter, is also essential to maximize monitoring resources.
Astronomers want to know the estimated portion of clear nights throughout the year and whether the sky will be clear in the coming nights. In other words, they anticipate weather forecasts to be as precise and trustworthy as possible.
To track the positions of the celestial bodies
Astronomical observatories are not new; they have been in use since the world’s monolithic age. Astronomical observatories, built then or now, are used to track the positions of celestial bodies such as the sun, moon, and planets.
These were typically used for keeping time or calendering. These tasks have become much easier with the advancement of technology and the discovery and acquisition of advanced instruments. And the current planetary positions and motions are entirely due to the astronomical observatory structures.
It helps in protecting the dark sky and understanding environmental history
The continued increase in artificial light emissions is causing a gradual brightening of the sky at night across most of the world. Some astronomical observatories are also constructed in a dark sky preserve area, also known as a DSP, which normally encircles a campground or observatory and limits different lighting pollution. The dark-sky movement’s overall goal is to encourage astronomy. However, astronomy is not the only reason to preserve the night sky; it also aids in understanding important elements of our natural history.
Useful for tracking wind
Aside from studying the positions of the planets and the dark sky, an astronomical observatory is also used to determine the direction of the wind. Astronomers have traditionally used observatories to track winds in other planets’ lower atmospheres. Astronomers typically study planets that appear to have powerful winds in their upper atmospheres. They measure the wind speed within and around the atmospheres of various planets and compare it to the Earth’s.
For many years, astronomy has been popular around the world. This is usually the study of almost everything outside of Earth’s atmosphere. Since ancient times, many astronomers have made claims about the galaxy and are well-known for their discoveries. Here is a list of some famous astronomers you should be aware of!
Nicolas Copernicus (1473 – 1543)
Copernicus was a Polish mathematician and astronomer who suggested that the Earth circled the sun. This theory deeply influenced subsequent workers’ perceptions of the universe, but the Catholic church turned it down. Though we still refer to him as Nicolaus Copernicus, his original name was Mikolaj Kopernik or Nicolaus Koppernigk.
His reputation as an astronomer grew after the Fifth Lateran Council chose to optimise the calendar, which was recognised as being out of sync with the seasons. In 1514, the Pope sought advice from experts, one of whom was Copernicus. Copernicus’ cosmology posited an immobile sun close to the centre of the universe and granted the Earth a few distinct movements.
Galileo Galilei (1564 – 1642)
An Italian scientist Galileo Galilei developed the law of dropping objects and validated it with meticulously measured data. He built a telescope to study lunar hollows and found four moons swirling around Jupiter. Despite all of his studies, he was misread in believing that the power exerted on a person was the relative change in particular gravitational force between the body and the material by which it shifted.
Galileo started building a sequence of telescopes with improved optical results than the Dutch component. His first telescope was constructed from readily accessible lenses and had an optical zoom of approximately four times. By the close of 1609, Galileo transformed his telescope to the dark sky and was making astounding breakthroughs.
Christiaan Huygens (1629 – 1695)
Christiaan Huygens, a Dutch mathematician, was the inventor of the very first pendulum clock. This was the same clock that significantly improved time quantification precision. He founded dynamics and also continued to work on astronomy and possibility. Huygens quickly shifted his focus to lens milling and telescope building projects.
Around 1654, he invented a new and improved method of polishing and grinding lenses. Huygens seemed to be capable of proving his ring theory to Boulliau by 1656, and the findings were flagged up to the Paris community, after which he patented the first pendulum clock, which increased the accuracy of measuring time. Huygens reasoned that a pendulum swaying in a wide area could be more helpful at sea, and he designed the cycloidal pendulum.
Johannes Kepler (1571 – 1630)
A German mathematician and astronomer, Johannes Kepler, found that the celestial bodies move in irregular orbits around the sun. He presented three basic rules of the motion of planets that bear his name and made substantial contributions to optics and geometry.
His contributions to mathematics and astronomy can be seen as aiding in the advancement of calculus. Furthermore, he measured the most precise astronomical graphs previously known, the persistent accuracy of which contributed significantly to establishing the facts of heliocentric astronomy.