Many people find astronomy exciting because it involves studying the galaxy and everything else in the universe. This exposes people to things they may not have seen or heard before. Regarding astronomical observatories, this is one of the most important aspects of learning about and understanding the universe.
An astronomical observatory is any formation that houses telescopes and other accompanying instruments. Typically, this equipment is used to monitor celestial objects. Observatories are labelled according to the segment of the electromagnetic spectrum they are constructed to monitor.
Analyzing the clear sky in a year
One of the most important advantages of an astronomical observatory is the ability to predict when the sky will be clear. Among all meteorological factors, cloud sum or cloud cover appears to be the most important, while Earth’s atmosphere seeing, also known as the Fried parameter, is also essential to maximize monitoring resources.
Astronomers want to know the estimated portion of clear nights throughout the year and whether the sky will be clear in the coming nights. In other words, they anticipate weather forecasts to be as precise and trustworthy as possible.
To track the positions of the celestial bodies
Astronomical observatories are not new; they have been in use since the world’s monolithic age. Astronomical observatories, built then or now, are used to track the positions of celestial bodies such as the sun, moon, and planets.
These were typically used for keeping time or calendering. These tasks have become much easier with the advancement of technology and the discovery and acquisition of advanced instruments. And the current planetary positions and motions are entirely due to the astronomical observatory structures.
It helps in protecting the dark sky and understanding environmental history
The continued increase in artificial light emissions is causing a gradual brightening of the sky at night across most of the world. Some astronomical observatories are also constructed in a dark sky preserve area, also known as a DSP, which normally encircles a campground or observatory and limits different lighting pollution. The dark-sky movement’s overall goal is to encourage astronomy. However, astronomy is not the only reason to preserve the night sky; it also aids in understanding important elements of our natural history.
Useful for tracking wind
Aside from studying the positions of the planets and the dark sky, an astronomical observatory is also used to determine the direction of the wind. Astronomers have traditionally used observatories to track winds in other planets’ lower atmospheres. Astronomers typically study planets that appear to have powerful winds in their upper atmospheres. They measure the wind speed within and around the atmospheres of various planets and compare it to the Earth’s.