For many years, astronomy has been popular around the world. This is usually the study of almost everything outside of Earth’s atmosphere. Since ancient times, many astronomers have made claims about the galaxy and are well-known for their discoveries. Here is a list of some famous astronomers you should be aware of!
Nicolas Copernicus (1473 – 1543)
Copernicus was a Polish mathematician and astronomer who suggested that the Earth circled the sun. This theory deeply influenced subsequent workers’ perceptions of the universe, but the Catholic church turned it down. Though we still refer to him as Nicolaus Copernicus, his original name was Mikolaj Kopernik or Nicolaus Koppernigk.
His reputation as an astronomer grew after the Fifth Lateran Council chose to optimise the calendar, which was recognised as being out of sync with the seasons. In 1514, the Pope sought advice from experts, one of whom was Copernicus. Copernicus’ cosmology posited an immobile sun close to the centre of the universe and granted the Earth a few distinct movements.
Galileo Galilei (1564 – 1642)
An Italian scientist Galileo Galilei developed the law of dropping objects and validated it with meticulously measured data. He built a telescope to study lunar hollows and found four moons swirling around Jupiter. Despite all of his studies, he was misread in believing that the power exerted on a person was the relative change in particular gravitational force between the body and the material by which it shifted.
Galileo started building a sequence of telescopes with improved optical results than the Dutch component. His first telescope was constructed from readily accessible lenses and had an optical zoom of approximately four times. By the close of 1609, Galileo transformed his telescope to the dark sky and was making astounding breakthroughs.
Christiaan Huygens (1629 – 1695)
Christiaan Huygens, a Dutch mathematician, was the inventor of the very first pendulum clock. This was the same clock that significantly improved time quantification precision. He founded dynamics and also continued to work on astronomy and possibility. Huygens quickly shifted his focus to lens milling and telescope building projects.
Around 1654, he invented a new and improved method of polishing and grinding lenses. Huygens seemed to be capable of proving his ring theory to Boulliau by 1656, and the findings were flagged up to the Paris community, after which he patented the first pendulum clock, which increased the accuracy of measuring time. Huygens reasoned that a pendulum swaying in a wide area could be more helpful at sea, and he designed the cycloidal pendulum.
Johannes Kepler (1571 – 1630)
A German mathematician and astronomer, Johannes Kepler, found that the celestial bodies move in irregular orbits around the sun. He presented three basic rules of the motion of planets that bear his name and made substantial contributions to optics and geometry.
His contributions to mathematics and astronomy can be seen as aiding in the advancement of calculus. Furthermore, he measured the most precise astronomical graphs previously known, the persistent accuracy of which contributed significantly to establishing the facts of heliocentric astronomy.